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He just isn’t recorded as having taken part within the Persian Wars of 480–79; some historians argue from this that he was unlikely to have been born earlier than 498, but this argument ex silentio has additionally been dismissed. In politics, Victor L. Ehrenberg argues that a basic component of Pericles’ legacy is Athenian imperialism, which denies true democracy and freedom to the individuals of all but the ruling state. Pericles and his “expansionary” policies have been at the center of arguments promoting democracy in oppressed nations. Thucydides argues that Pericles “was not carried away by the people, but he was the one guiding the folks”.
This promise was prompted by his concern that Archidamus, who was a pal of his, may move by his estate without ravaging it, either as a gesture of friendship or as a calculated political move aimed to alienate Pericles from his constituents. The last steps in the shift to empire may have been triggered by Athens’ defeat in Egypt, which challenged the town’s dominance in the Aegean and led to the revolt of a quantity of allies, corresponding to Miletus and Erythrae. Either because of a genuine fear for its safety after the defeat in Egypt and the revolts of the allies, or as a pretext to gain control of the League’s funds, Athens transferred the treasury of the alliance from Delos to Athens in 454–453 BC. Pericles wished to stabilize Athens’ dominance over its alliance and to implement its pre-eminence in Greece.
With Boeotia in hostile palms, Phocis and Locris became untenable and shortly fell beneath the control of hostile oligarchs. According to another historian, Justin Daniel King, radical democracy benefited folks individually, however harmed the state. In contrast, Donald Kagan asserts that the democratic measures Pericles put into effect supplied the premise for an unassailable political energy. After all, Cimon finally accepted the new democracy and did not oppose the citizenship law, after he returned from exile in 451 BC.
Therefore, he did not hesitate to send troops to Corcyra to reinforce the Corcyraean fleet, which was fighting against Corinth. In 433 BC the enemy fleets confronted each other at the Battle of Sybota and a yr later the Athenians fought Corinthian colonists on the riu palace tropical bay weddings Battle of Potidaea; these two events contributed tremendously to Corinth’s lasting hatred of Athens. During the identical period, Pericles proposed the Megarian decree, which resembled a modern commerce embargo.
Around 447 BC Clearchus proposed the Coinage Decree, which imposed Athenian silver coinage, weights and measures on all of the allies. According to one of the decree’s most stringent provisions, surplus from a minting operation was to enter a particular fund, and anybody proposing to make use of it otherwise was subject to the dying penalty. In 444 BC, the conservative and the democratic factions confronted one another in a fierce wrestle. The bold new leader of the conservatives, Thucydides , accused Pericles of profligacy, criticizing the greatest way he spent the money for the continuing building plan.